The oceans on Earth can be calming, beautiful or deceptively powerful. The same can be said about the phenomena that occur within them. Tsunamis are destructive forces that wield tremendous power, while smaller, regular waves are some of the most beautiful sights on Earth.
Oceanic phenomena can be defined as naturally occurring events that are contained within or directly caused by oceans. Below is a list of oceanic phenomena:
1. Algal Bloom
Huge concentrations of algae that form in warmer ocean waters, as well as lakes and rivers. These growths can be toxic to humans and marine life, and have devastating impacts on tourism and fisheries.
Sometimes referred to as ‘icicles of death’, these fragile crystal structures are found near the bottom of the ocean. They are capable of killing starfish and other slow moving creatures at the bottom of the sea.
Tsunamis occur as a result water displacement caused by large earthquakes or volcanic eruptions beneath the ocean floor. They are stealthy and difficult in deep ocean waters, but can cause tremendous damage when they arrive at shore.
Forming at high altitudes in massive Cumulonimbus clouds, hail can grow as big as 8 inches or more and fall at velocities over 100 miles per hour. It has the potential to cause damage to vehicles and more.
The gravitational effect of the moon on the oceans causes ocean waves. The position of the moon around the Earth also directly affects when high or low tides occur.