When we talk about creating a website, the first thing that comes to mind is HTML. HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is a standard markup language used to create and display content on the web. It was created in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web.
HTML is the foundation of every webpage on the internet. It provides the structure and content of a webpage and tells the web browser how to display it. It works by using markup tags that describe the structure and content of a webpage. The web browser then interprets these tags and displays the webpage accordingly.
HTML has evolved over time, and the current version is HTML5. HTML5 was released in 2014 and includes new features that make it easier to create more modern, interactive webpages. Some of these features include improved semantics, multimedia support, and enhanced accessibility.
To create a webpage using HTML, you need to understand the basic syntax and commands. Here are some of the most common HTML tags and commands:
The <!DOCTYPE html> tag is the first tag in an HTML document. It tells the web browser which version of HTML the webpage is using.
<html> The <html> tag is the root element of an HTML document. All other tags are contained within the <html> tag.
<head> The <head> tag contains information about the webpage, such as the title and links to stylesheets and scripts.
<title> The <title> tag specifies the title of the webpage, which is displayed in the browser tab.
<body> The <body> tag contains the content of the webpage, such as text, images, and other media.
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>, etc. The <h1>, <h2>, <h3>, and so on, tags are used to define headings of different levels.
<p> The <p> tag is used to define paragraphs of text. <a> The <a> tag is used to create hyperlinks to other webpages or resources.
<img> The <img> tag is used to insert images into the webpage.
<div> The <div> tag is used to group together and style other HTML elements.
<strong>, <em> The <strong> and <em> tags are used to create bold and italic text, respectively.
These are just a few of the most common HTML tags and commands. There are many more that can be used to create more complex webpages.
In addition to its role in creating webpages, HTML has other uses as well. It is often used in email templates to create visually appealing emails, and it is used in some ebook formats to create structured content.
HTML has come a long way since its creation in 1990. With the release of HTML5, it has become even easier to create webpages that are interactive and visually appealing. While HTML is not a programming language, it is an essential tool for creating web content, and it is an important skill for anyone who wants to create a website or work in web development.